Technology in Manufacturing Industry
Initially, automated processes may have replaced labour intensiveness in a few industries, especially in repeated fittings and tasks, but Industry 4.0 demands more quality, precision and customised products that mass production of machine tools cannot attain. Hence, automation with social responsibility index will revolutionise production itself and its focus for quality but at the same time uniqueness will not allow mass production.
Technology has helped manufacturing processes to become more responsible and efficient. Industry 5.0 will further make manufacturing Carbon Neutral and Sustainable.
Role of 3D Technology & Industrial Robotics:
3D technology is a manufacturing process that produces objects in accordance to a 3D digital model applying materials layer by layer, such as plastics and metals. It can produce complex objects rapidly and at low cost. While it has the potential to replace manufacturing someday, it is still at its nascent stage, used selectively in medical industry, aerospace, automotive and a few others.
Industrial robots, properly programmed can efficiently interphase human applications in manufacturing processes to perform multiple tasks with the help of sensors, controllers, and actuators. Robots are used in manufacturing to take on repetitive tasks, which streamlines the overall assembly workflow. Many humanly dangerous jobs and applications are done through robots and human collaborations, ruling out any harm or accidents.
Both 3D and industrial robots today has embraced smart sensors, making them adaptive to changes while transmitting data for maintenance and anomalies of processes. This is turn has made manufacturing Smart and environment friendly.
Industry 4.0 technologies to improve environmental performance:
The disruption effect of Industry 4.0 enabled by Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain Technology, 3D Manufacturing, has a multiplier consequence as sustainability parameter is also built into the next level of technology upgradation. Thus, in the current scenario manufacturing not only means using sustainable methods and processes to produce, but also usage of efficient inputs that will have minimum impact on economic, ecological and social development. This signifies a shift towards using quality machine tools, spare parts and adherence to regular maintenance.
In keeping with the trend to embrace Sustainable Manufacturing process, WIKA not only presents its array of Smart machine tools which help the customers in their target of attaining low Carbon manufacturing, but also leads a sustainable business ourselves to assist the target of Circular Economy. Quality products and in-time predictive servicing of machine tools are tow most important ways to boost efficient productivity. Thus, WIKA ensures customer services through Calibration, Repair and Installation and Disposal keeping in mind the environmental impact and sustainable processes aiming Carbon Neutrality.
Smart Factory and Its Impact on Manufacturing:
Interconnected network of machines, communication mechanisms, computing power, data analysis capacity are the factors that make a smart factory, which leverages technology and data to drive an automated process,
Machine tools use AI in the form of meters and sensors to evaluate a machine's energy usage, and make decisions on how to reduce energy. Artificial intelligence can also benefit the manufacturing industry because it gets better over time. As the machine learning models continue to analyze data specific to business and manufacturing process, they will become more accurate and be better able to predict failures and anomalies.
Machine tools capabilities are augmented by powerful software that can adapt to changing needs and customer specifications. The software has the ability to be updated as frequently as new innovations become available.
Emerging trends of technologies in the next growth phase:
The technology-driven Industry 4.0 will get more refined to make way for value-driven Industry 5.0 leading to focus on Sustainability and emphasise on Carbon neutrality. With continuous technology upgradation, the two realms of industrial manufacturing transitions are co-existing currently. The disruptions are allowing us to get quality data, allowing the mankind to reap the benefits of the technology interface, smart systems, AI, Block chain and others. Hence, for Industry 4.0 to be optimised, we need the target of Industry 5.0.
In an economy powered by technology, where computers, back offices, data centres and even machines are turning smart, it is imperative to have strong instrumentation and control technology. Sensors, meters, gauges are all needs ultra-accurate measurements and are generally reinvented to fit in industry requirements. Individual customisation for manufacturers renders control technology all the more sophisticated and irrefutable requirement.
Innovations has helped WIKA to bridge the expectation of Industry 4.0. WIKA too has embraced automation and upgraded the products. Pandemic has only boosted the speed of upgradation, leading us to growth. Since last two years, WIKA has internally sorted out a list of products that need to become smart and with a targeted sense of priority, we have transformed into manufacturing IOT enabled products.